STA301 Assignment No. 3
STA301 Assignment No. 3
Assignment No.3 (Course STA301)
Spring 2011 (Total Marks 30)
Deadline
Your Assignment must be uploaded/ submitted before or on 15th June, 2011
STUDENTS ARE STRICTLY DIRECTED TO SUBMIT THEIR ASSIGNMENT BEFORE OR BY DUE DATE. NO ASSIGNMNENT AFTER DUE DATE WILL BE ACCEPTED VIA E.MAIL).
Rules for Marking
It should be clear that your Assignment will not get any credit IF:
The Assignment submitted, via email, after due date.
The submitted Assignment is not found as MS Word document file.
There will be unnecessary, extra or irrelevant material.
The Statistical notations/symbols are not wellwritten i.e., without using MathType software.
The Assignment will be copied from handouts, internet or from any other student’s file. Copied material (from handouts, any book or by any website) will be awarded ZERO MARKS. It is PLAGIARISM and an Academic Crime.
The medium of the course is English. Assignment in Urdu or Roman languages will not be accepted.
Assignment means Comprehensive yet precise accurate details about the given topic quoting different sources (books/articles/websites etc.). Do not rely only on handouts. You can take data/information from different authentic sources (like books, magazines, website etc) BUT express/organize all the collected material in YOUR OWN WORDS. Only then you will get good marks.
Objective(s) of this Assignment:
The assignment is being uploaded to strengthen
The students’ BASIC concepts regarding the Probability and Probability Distributions.
To learn the applications of the Probability Distributions.
To learn the use of Bivariate distribution/function for finding the probabilities and correlations.
Assignment 3 (Lessons 2330)
Question 1: Marks:2+3+3+3+4=15
a) If Z is a standard normal random variable with mean 0 and variance 1, then find the lower quartile.
b) A random variable ‘x’ is said to be uniformly distributed such that
(i) Write down the density function of ‘x’
(ii) Prove that total area between the given limits is unity.
c) What is the probability that a poker hand of 5 cards contain exactly 1 ace?
d) A certain type of storage battery lasts on the average 3.0 years, with a standard deviation of 0.5 year. Assuming that the battery lives are normally distributed, find the probability that a given battery will last less than 2.3 years.
e) The incident of occupational disease is such that the workers have 20 percent chance of suffering from it. What is the probability that out of six more than 4 workers will come in contact of the disease?
Question 2: Marks:3+3+4+5=15
a) The Probability distribution of X is given below:
Compute,
i) P(x=2)
ii) E(X)
X
0 1 2 3 4
P(X)
b) The p. d. f. of a random variable is given
f(x) = (2x1) 10 Elsewhere
Calculate P(X<1.5).
c) The given information is obtained from a joint distribution of X and Y. Calculate Correlation coefficient () between X and Y.
d) Find the value of A, such that the function f(x, y) is a density function.
[justify]
Spring 2011 (Total Marks 30)
Deadline
Your Assignment must be uploaded/ submitted before or on 15th June, 2011
STUDENTS ARE STRICTLY DIRECTED TO SUBMIT THEIR ASSIGNMENT BEFORE OR BY DUE DATE. NO ASSIGNMNENT AFTER DUE DATE WILL BE ACCEPTED VIA E.MAIL).
Rules for Marking
It should be clear that your Assignment will not get any credit IF:
The Assignment submitted, via email, after due date.
The submitted Assignment is not found as MS Word document file.
There will be unnecessary, extra or irrelevant material.
The Statistical notations/symbols are not wellwritten i.e., without using MathType software.
The Assignment will be copied from handouts, internet or from any other student’s file. Copied material (from handouts, any book or by any website) will be awarded ZERO MARKS. It is PLAGIARISM and an Academic Crime.
The medium of the course is English. Assignment in Urdu or Roman languages will not be accepted.
Assignment means Comprehensive yet precise accurate details about the given topic quoting different sources (books/articles/websites etc.). Do not rely only on handouts. You can take data/information from different authentic sources (like books, magazines, website etc) BUT express/organize all the collected material in YOUR OWN WORDS. Only then you will get good marks.
Objective(s) of this Assignment:
The assignment is being uploaded to strengthen
The students’ BASIC concepts regarding the Probability and Probability Distributions.
To learn the applications of the Probability Distributions.
To learn the use of Bivariate distribution/function for finding the probabilities and correlations.
Assignment 3 (Lessons 2330)
Question 1: Marks:2+3+3+3+4=15
a) If Z is a standard normal random variable with mean 0 and variance 1, then find the lower quartile.
b) A random variable ‘x’ is said to be uniformly distributed such that
(i) Write down the density function of ‘x’
(ii) Prove that total area between the given limits is unity.
c) What is the probability that a poker hand of 5 cards contain exactly 1 ace?
d) A certain type of storage battery lasts on the average 3.0 years, with a standard deviation of 0.5 year. Assuming that the battery lives are normally distributed, find the probability that a given battery will last less than 2.3 years.
e) The incident of occupational disease is such that the workers have 20 percent chance of suffering from it. What is the probability that out of six more than 4 workers will come in contact of the disease?
Question 2: Marks:3+3+4+5=15
a) The Probability distribution of X is given below:
Compute,
i) P(x=2)
ii) E(X)
X
0 1 2 3 4
P(X)
b) The p. d. f. of a random variable is given
f(x) = (2x1) 1
Calculate P(X<1.5).
c) The given information is obtained from a joint distribution of X and Y. Calculate Correlation coefficient () between X and Y.
d) Find the value of A, such that the function f(x, y) is a density function.
[justify]
munaza Monstars

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Re: STA301 Assignment No. 3
Solution:
QUESTION 1; Part B
here is the Q:1 part B solution. Also include it in your file..
b) If Z is a standard normal random variable with mean 0 and variance 1, then find the Lower quartile.
Solution
Mean , µ = 0
Variance б2 = 1
Q1 = µ  0.6745 б
Q1 = 0  .6745 (1)
Q1 = .6745
c) What is the probability that a poker hand of 5 cards contain exactly 1 ace?
Answer; 
First, find the probability that the first card is an Ace and the 2nd to 5th are not:
(4/52) * (48/51) * (47/50) * (46/49) * (45/48).
Next, find the probability that the 2nd card is an Ace and the first, 3rd, 4th and 5th are
not:
(48/52) * (4/51) * (47/50) * (46/49) * (45/48).
Next, the 3rd card is an Ace; the others are not:
(48/52) * (47/51) * (4/50) * (46/49) * (45/48).
Next, 4th card is an Ace; not the others:
(48/52) * (47/51) * (46/50) * (4/49) * (45/48).
Lastly, the 5th card is an Ace; not the others:
(48/52) * (47/51) * (46/50) * (45/49) * (4/48).
Adding these, the answer is:
0.29947... which is just under 30%.
QUESTION 1; Part C
100% correct but its not my subject.... Plz do make changes in it.
ALI Also include this one as well in your file. i have solved it for urself...
c) What is the probability that a poker hand of 5 cards contain exactly 1 ace?
Solution:
Since it is "at least" one ace, you have to account for drawing 1, 2, 3, or 4 aces. It is easier to calculate the following: Probability of drawing 0 aces. The probability of drawing
"at least" 1 ace is:
Pr[drawing at least 1 ace] = 1  Pr[drawing 0 aces]
The probability of drawing 0 aces is:
C(48,5)/C(52,5)
The numerator is the ways we can draw 5card hands out of 48 cards
(all the cards except for the aces). The denominator is the ways we
can draw any 5card hands. So the ratio is the number of ways of
drawing no aces. If we subtract it from 1, we get the probability of
drawing "at least" 1 ace.
Pr[drawing at least 1 ace] = 1  Pr[drawing 0 aces]
= 1  (C(48,5)/C(52,5))
= 1 – (1712304/ 2598960)
= 1  0.658842
= 0.34 Ans
[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
QUESTION 1; Part B
here is the Q:1 part B solution. Also include it in your file..
b) If Z is a standard normal random variable with mean 0 and variance 1, then find the Lower quartile.
Solution
Mean , µ = 0
Variance б2 = 1
Q1 = µ  0.6745 б
Q1 = 0  .6745 (1)
Q1 = .6745
c) What is the probability that a poker hand of 5 cards contain exactly 1 ace?
Answer; 
First, find the probability that the first card is an Ace and the 2nd to 5th are not:
(4/52) * (48/51) * (47/50) * (46/49) * (45/48).
Next, find the probability that the 2nd card is an Ace and the first, 3rd, 4th and 5th are
not:
(48/52) * (4/51) * (47/50) * (46/49) * (45/48).
Next, the 3rd card is an Ace; the others are not:
(48/52) * (47/51) * (4/50) * (46/49) * (45/48).
Next, 4th card is an Ace; not the others:
(48/52) * (47/51) * (46/50) * (4/49) * (45/48).
Lastly, the 5th card is an Ace; not the others:
(48/52) * (47/51) * (46/50) * (45/49) * (4/48).
Adding these, the answer is:
0.29947... which is just under 30%.
QUESTION 1; Part C
100% correct but its not my subject.... Plz do make changes in it.
ALI Also include this one as well in your file. i have solved it for urself...
c) What is the probability that a poker hand of 5 cards contain exactly 1 ace?
Solution:
Since it is "at least" one ace, you have to account for drawing 1, 2, 3, or 4 aces. It is easier to calculate the following: Probability of drawing 0 aces. The probability of drawing
"at least" 1 ace is:
Pr[drawing at least 1 ace] = 1  Pr[drawing 0 aces]
The probability of drawing 0 aces is:
C(48,5)/C(52,5)
The numerator is the ways we can draw 5card hands out of 48 cards
(all the cards except for the aces). The denominator is the ways we
can draw any 5card hands. So the ratio is the number of ways of
drawing no aces. If we subtract it from 1, we get the probability of
drawing "at least" 1 ace.
Pr[drawing at least 1 ace] = 1  Pr[drawing 0 aces]
= 1  (C(48,5)/C(52,5))
= 1 – (1712304/ 2598960)
= 1  0.658842
= 0.34 Ans
[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
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